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Festival in India

National Festival
Independence Day, August 15, commemorates the day in 1947 when India achieved freedom from British rule. The day is celebrated to commemorate the birth of the world`s biggest democracy as a national festival.

Basant Panchami
A spring festival held in January celebrated by wearing yellow clothes. In West Bengal, Saraswati, the goddess of learning, is especially honored.

Maha Shivratri 
The day marks the nuptials of the ascetic god Shiva with Parvati, the daughter of the king of Himalayas. People throng to the splendidly lit temples till midnight. Celebrated some time in the month of February-March, the festival is of special importance to women as Parvati blesses them with marital bliss.

Raksha Bandhan
Raksha Bandhan is a indian most popular festival. Rakhi or Raksha Bhandan is a festival, celebrated to honor the emotional bond between brother and sister. Sister ties a holy thread around her brother's wrist and takes a commitment from her brother that he will always be there beside her in hour of need. This thread, which vibrates with sisterly love and virtuous sentiments, is rightly called the 'Rakhi'. A "bond of protection".

Bhai-Dooj festival symbolizes the brother and sister eternal love for each other. Whereas sister prays for the long and prosper life of her brother by applying tilak on his forehead and in return brother promises to provide a life long protection to her sister. The festival falls on the second day after Diwali and is celebrated all over the country.

This hugely popular festival falls on the 10thday of the waxing moon during the Hindu month of Ashvin (around September or October). There is a fascinating array of myths and legends associated with Dussehra. On this day, Rama (the god-king and the hero of the great Hindu epic Ramayana) vanquished the evil Ravana – the 10-headed demon-king of Lanka who had abducted Rama’s wife Sita.

Naag Panchami
A festival dedicated to Adisesha or Ananta (infinite), the serpent on whom Lord Vishnu rests between the dissolution of one universe and the creation of another. It is usually celebrated in July-August. Snakes are supposed to have power over rainfall and keep evil and ill-luck from homes.

Ganesh Chathurti 
A festival held on the fourth day of the Hindu month of Bhadra (August/September) dedicated to Ganesh. It is celebrated with particular ardor in the state of Maharashtra.

The birthday of the lovable Lord Krishna is celebrated at the midnight hour in the month of August. Tableaus depicting scenes from the life of Krishna crop up in every locality of every city and town in India with great fanfare. Another common practice is to dress little girls and boys as the eternal lovers Radha-Krishna. Devotees actually touch their feet to seek blessings and offer gifts or money.

A nine-day festival devoted to the worship of the goddess Durga. Beautifully made clay images of Durga are consecrated and worshipped for nine days before being immersed in a river or sea on the tenth day.

Deepawali or the Festival of Lights is perhaps the most popular of all Hindu festivals. Religious fervour paralleled with ample fun and merry-making marks the festival. Deepawali is celebrated in most parts of the country with equal enthusiasm and fervour. Like most festivals, Diwali, as it is more popularly known, comes with its own bagful of mythological and historical references.

Holi is celebrated at a time of the year when everyone’s had enough of the chilly winter and looks forward to the warmth of the sun. Trees get fresh new leaves that are at their glossiest best, and flowers  begin to pop open and claim their share of fun in the sun. Even grandmothers abandon their knitting for the glorious sunny days. They know that it’s time to give in to good cheer, for the harsh Indian summers are just round the corner.

The azure sky with fluffy white clouds and a nip in the air marks the advent of autumn. It is time for Bengal’s most popular festival – Durga Puja or the worship of the Goddess Durga. Actually the festival is celebrated twice a year – once in the month of March or April (Basant), and again in the month of September or October (Ashwin), during the moonlit fortnight. On both occasions, the puja  is a nine-day affair with the last day coinciding with Rama Navmi and Dussehra respectively. The Mother Goddess is venerated in one form or the other all over India, though she is most popular among the  Bengalis.


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